Revolutionary Anil Roy

A man of impressive appearance, he was a gymnast of exceptional skill., a musical prodigy displaying equal virtuosity in the ancient and modern songs and also a talented instrumentalist. He mastered classical music and could sing Hindi and Urdu songs with equal ease and felicity. Himself a poet, he composed many songs, and was a master of many languages. His proficiency in Sanskrit drew him to the mysteries of Hinduism. An ardent revolutionary, a radical political thinker, a selfless social worker, a philosopher and a litterateur of exceptional ability. Anil Chandra combined in himself all those unique elements that go into the makeup of many faceted life destined for the leadership of men.

Born in a middle class family of Dhaka (erstwhile Dacca), Bangladesh, on May 26,1901 to Arun Chandra and Saratkumari Debi at Baira, Manickgunje (now in Bangladesh) .Father Arun Chandra held a high post in the Government Education Department. Though their ancestral house was at Gobindapur village under Nababganj Thana Arun Chandra purchased a house at Buxi Bazar in Dhaka Town at his service place.

Anil passed entrance examination from Dhaka Collegiate School in 1917, He graduated from Dhaka College in 1921 and passed MA in English from Dacca University in 1923 He joined the revolutionary fraternity lead by Hemchandra Ghosh when he was a school student. In his early life Anil came in contact with Swami Brahmananda & Swami Premananda of Ramakrishna Mission and thus inspired by Swami Vivekananda he founded Social Welfare League – a Social service organization which under took night classes for adult poor in general and Muslims in particular. The Secretary and Chairman of Social Welfare League were Anil Roy & Dr Gyan Chandra Ghose, renowned Scientist, respectively. Anil was one of the founders of Sri Sangha, a revolutionary Party of Bengal .He put great emphasis on the all-round development – physical, intellectual and moral – of his young followers. This ultimately resulted in the formation of a party which was one of the best revolutionary organizations that Bengal of that time had seen.

He did not neglect the political aspect of women’s organization. In fact, he was perhaps the first amongst the revolutionary leaders who could visualise that women have also their distinct role to play in our freedom struggle and are important in a political organization as their male counterpart. He initiated Satyabhusan Gupta, Bhupendranath Rakshit Roy, Rasamoy Sur, Bhabesh Nandi, Anil Das (Martyr), Manindra Roy, Dr Sailesh Roy, Dr Arun Nandi, Dr Bhupal Bose, Anil Ghose, Khsitis Roy, Rebati Burman, Sunil Das, Kaviraj Kamalakanta Ghosh and many others. His first initiation to a woman was Leela Nag and through her a bunch of women were recruited in Sri Sangha.

Anil Roy was twice imprisoned for a long period, once in 1930 and again in 1941 for about 14 years. He was detained in Dacca Jail, Alipurduar New Sub Jail, Buxa Camp, Deoli Detention Camp, Berhampore Jail and Alipur Central Jail .

After coming out of Jails in 1938 Anil Roy quite keeping with his nature aligned himself with Subhas Chandra Bose in the common political struggle and worked most relentlessly for forging the ideological front of Forward Bloc.

Married Leela Nag a fore ranking women revolutionary on 13 May 1939.

A regular contributor in Forward Bloc Weekly & Jayasree Bengali Monthly. He was known as a critique of Marxism. His published books are, Jagrata Parashya, Dharma O Bijnan, Samajtrantir Dristite Marxbad,[Marxism] Hegeliya Darshan [Hegelian philosophy]– a treatise on Hegel, Bibaha O Paribarer Kramobikash – a refutation of Marx-Morgan theory, Netajir Jibanbad, Party & Leadership, [What Netaji Stands for] etc, He composed and directed a dance drama titled ‘Netajir Dak’, Nabagitika – a collection of his compositions, He passed away on 6 January 1952, suffering for a short spell from Cancer. During the First General election he was candidate for the House of people , cruel hands of death suddenly fell on him while he was in the peak of his activities. Thus ended the dedicated life of a selfless patriot, a valiant fighter for the cause of oppressed humanity and above all a giant amongst men. A few can inspire and move men’s mind to action. He was one of the few such.